Edukacja historyczna w sytuacjach konfliktu. Ku sprawiedliwości okresu przejściowego i emancypacji

Shaima Muhammad

Abstrakt


Strategie przejściowe stosowane podczas konfliktów często skupiają się na reformach politycznych i gospodarczych. Cole (2007) uwypukla inną ścieżkę reformy, a mianowicie edukację historyczną i jej związek z osiąganiem takich celów, jak sprawiedliwość okresu przejściowego i pokój. Badania (Foster, 2012) wskazują, że w wielu krajach podręczniki nadal przedstawiają jednotorową, nacjonalistyczną narrację o przeszłości, która propaguje pewne punkty widzenia, tłumiąc przy tym lub ignorując inne. Nasze badania stosują krytyczne podejście do edukacji historycznej, jej wpływów na konstruowanie tożsamości, jej możliwych powiązań z emancypacją i społecznymi celami edukacji oraz dyskursywnego wytwarzania oficjalnych narracji. Przedstawiamy konkretny przypadek podręczników historii w targanej konfliktami Syrii, aby uwypuklić potrzebę krytycznego kształcenia historycznego w procesie wprowadzania sprawiedliwości okresu przejściowego i demokratyzacji.

Słowa kluczowe


edukacja historyczna; badanie podręczników; tożsamość; edukacja krytyczna; sprawiedliwość okresu przejściowego; emancypacja

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